Posted by: victanguera | April 11, 2012
Word Wednesday #6
Anyone that knows me knows I’m a bit of a grammar nerd. Incorrect grammar drives me nuts, so when I run across a sentence like “there has to be guidelines”, the muscles in the back of my neck knot up. Involuntarily, you know.
So for today, I bring you the ultimate grammar word. Syntax. Mostly because when I read that, my first though was: “man, don’t you know anything about syntax?” Nerd. Total nerd.
So, from Dictionary.com:
b. the study of the patterns of formation of sentences and phrases
c. the rules or patterns so studied: English syntax.
d. a presentation of these: a syntax of English.
e. an instance of these: the syntax of a sentence.
a. that branch of modern logic that studies the various kinds of signs that occur in a system and the possible arrangements of those signs, complete abstraction being made of the meaning of the signs.
b. the outcome of such a study when directed upon a specified language.
3. a system or orderly arrangement.
4. Computers . the grammatical rules and structural patterns governing the ordered use of appropriate words and symbols for issuing commands, writing code, etc., in a particular software application or programming language.
Origin: 1565–75; short for earlier syntaxis < Late Latin < Greek sýntaxis an arranging in order, equivalent to syntag- ( see syntactic) + -sis -sis
From Merriam Webster:
syn·tax noun \ˈsin-ˌtaks\
Definition of SYNTAX
1a : the way in which linguistic elements (as words) are put together to form constituents (as phrases or clauses)
b : the part of grammar dealing with this
2: a connected or orderly system : harmonious arrangement of parts or elements <the syntax of classical architecture>
especially as dealing with the formal properties of languages or calculi
Examples of SYNTAX
- “I saw that she a cookie ate” is an example of incorrect syntax.
- Everyone has good days and bad days. Her syntax is sometimes a world unto itself. But George H.W. Bush occasionally sounded as though English were more foe than friend, and he was an astute president who managed complexity with skill and balance. —Jon Meacham, Newsweek, 13 Oct. 2008
Origin of SYNTAX
Middle French or Late Latin; Middle French sintaxe,
from Late Latin syntaxis,
from Greek, from syntassein
to arrange together, from syn-
First Known Use: 1574